Part I of this article can be found HERE.
Here are just a few ways to get started:
1. Developmental "play" - Take it apart and rebuild it
Some of the most effective developmental toys for children involve taking the toy completely apart so the child can learn to put it back together. Many times there are several ways it can be done, allowing the freedom of experimentation without being restricted to one "right" way.
The beauty of applying this learning design to daily work is that every person will approach tasks in a new and different way. Because they have a unique vision of what they would do if they could completely reinvent something, this process of experimentation is rich with discovery.
It is easy to find ourselves in a confidence rut because we live in a world of routine. If you do things the same way every time, it is hard to feel the thrill of purposeful excitement that only comes from providing a unique contribution to a successful venture.
Leaders can encourage creativity, fearlessness, and independent thinking by assigning employees the task of taking apart certain routine procedures or projects and rebuilding it in a new way. It may mean only a slight change, but giving them permission (and accountability) to rethink the familiar can have a big effect on their confidence and willingness to accept responsibility. It can be fun too!
2. Make friends with your fear
The most courageous people are not immune to fear. They just don't believe all its hype. Contrary to popular belief, self-confidence is not the opposite of self-doubt. They are, in fact, quite intertwined.
Genuine confidence is gained by having the courage to try something even when there is a risk of failure. As Eleanor Roosevelt so aptly put it, "You gain strength, courage and confidence by every experience in which you really stop to look fear in the face....You must do the thing which you think you cannot do".
Pay attention to possible areas of fear or insecurity in your employees (i.e. avoidance behavior) and engage them in dialogue about it. It is important to remember that people also avoid what doesn't interest them, so be sure to probe whether it is more a matter of a lack of motivation for the particular task. Strategic division of labor is a major factor in high performance teams but is often overlooked as a means of improving employee's performance.
Ask permission to partner with them in overcoming this perceived obstacle. For example, a leader noticed an insecurity one of their employees had in dealing with numbers and financial data. After exploration and discussion of the employee's needs, she provided them with an instructional DVD set for basic accounting and financials that they could study in the privacy of their home.
Remember, it is in our nature to avoid what we fear. Instead of focusing on only their strengths or wishing they'd just "get over it", spend time understanding what holds them back. Find ways to give them safe (and not too public) opportunities to stretch into the areas where fear holds them back.
3. Highlight the most "successful failures"
The best way to make someone feel safe to take risks around you is to prove that you understand and appreciate the value of failure. Successes are obviously worth our attention, but our failures are often better teachers. Instead of just broadcasting the wins, make it a point to highlight the losses that resulted in big learning gains.
Start with your own and the habit will catch on. Work toward freeing your employees of their failure inhibition and you'll be blown away at what they are capable of.
The bottom line is this:
You will not reach your performance goals without a confident, accountable, motivated team.
You have the power to create the team you desire.
Your belief in others should be based on a genuine desire to see THEM succeed, not in your terms but their own. This is the difference between helping them soar on your confidence and freedom or watching them sink from your pressure.
YOU don't have to take on everything yourself. Create a team just as courageous as you and imagine the possibilities.